Whether you’re looking to explore a lake or ocean, exercise, or do a bit of fishing, there are many different kayaks available, all designed for different uses and with different specifications.
For this reason, choosing the right kayak that’s sized correctly for your body and your needs can be challenging.
Taking a few different factors into account, however, can help you choose the perfect kayak for your weight.
How to Determine a Kayak’s Weight Limit
There are two simple ways to determine the performance weight limit of a kayak or figure out what size you need when purchasing a kayak.
You can estimate the weight limit based on either your weight or the boat’s maximum capacity rating.
When it comes to basing performance weight limits on your weight, you can generally estimate that you’ll need a kayak with a maximum capacity limit set at around 125 pounds more than your personal weight.
For example, the Pelican one-person sit-on-top kayak has a maximum weight capacity of 275 pounds. If 125 pounds is subtracted from the limit, we get 150, so this particular kayak is suitable for a person weighing 150 pounds or less.
Using this as a gauge allows for fluctuating weight, plus the weight of any gear your might be bringing along, and also takes into account the difference between maximum weight limits and performance weight limits.
Another, although somewhat less accurate, way to estimate what size kayak you need is by using the kayak’s maximum capacity weight limit.
If you reduce whatever the kayak is rated at for maximum capacity by 30 to 35%, you should be close to your own body weight, plus the weight of your gear.
The same Pelican Sentinel 100x one-person kayak, which has a maximum weight limit of 275 pounds, can again be used as an example. If 30% is subtracted from that, we get about 200 pounds, and if we take 35%, we get about 175 pounds.
While taking a percentage from the maximum weight capacity can help you safely choose the correct kayak, it’s usually better to stick with the 125 additional pounds rule.
Although this creates a narrower range for weights, it also usually helps people purchase the kayak that suits them best and won’t experience any issues if there are some weight fluctuations due to gear changes.
Maximum Capacity Vs. Performance Weight Limit
The maximum capacity rating of a kayak and the performance weight limit of a kayak are slightly different, which is why you’ll want to choose a kayak that’s rated at a maximum weight limit that’s 30 to 35% higher than your own body weight.
The maximum capacity weight is what the kayak can carry and still function without taking on water. The performance weight limit, which is what you’ll be calculating, however, is the limit you need to remain at or below in order for the boat to remain functional, responsive, and quick.
Kayaks can be loaded safely to their maximum weight limit, but they’ll be much harder to steer or maneuver. Only loading the boat to the performance weight limit helps to ensure that the boat will be easier to move around and will respond more quickly to paddling or direction changes.
The kayak will also be much faster and will ride higher in the water when it’s only loaded to or below the performance weight capacity.
Consider Length, Width, and Volume
When you’re deciding which kayak is the right size for you, weight limits are the first thing to consider. However, the length, width, and volume of the kayak are also important and what you want to do with the boat can help you decide what dimensions you need.
Long kayaks are a good choice if you’re looking to make long trips or want a kayak that can gain speed and maintain it. The narrower frame means that these boats cut easily through the water and are simpler to propel.
However, long, narrow kayaks can be more difficult to maneuver, especially in a smaller space. They don’t respond as well to directional changes and can sometimes feel cumbersome. In addition, the narrow frame adds to instability.
These boats might rock more than other kayaks, and passengers can’t stand up in them easily.
Short kayaks, on the other hand, can’t gain the speed that long kayaks can, but they do tend to be more stable and easier to maneuver because they’re often wider and the center of gravity is somewhat more balanced.
They’re an excellent choice for shorter trips or for fishing. These kayaks are also a good option for people who want to be able to stand up in the boat or who want to take a dog with them on their adventures.
Shorter kayaks are often made of more lightweight materials as well, and their smaller size means that they’re easier to carry when out of the water.
Volume refers to how much space there is to pack items into the kayak. Kayaks built for speed tend to have less volume, but long ocean kayaks, which are designed for longer treks, tend to have more volume for additional gear.
This can vary from model to model, however, so it’s a good idea to look into what the specific kayak is designed for to determine volume. Volume is important to take into consideration if you plan to carry a lot of items with you on your trips.
It’s also a good idea to look into how much legroom the kayak offers because this can greatly affect comfort.
The Pelican one-person kayak is a medium kayak, with a length of 9.5 feet. It’s a good choice for smaller areas or for fishing.
A kayak of this size is generally much less likely to tip and, although it can’t gain quite as much speed, will most likely be easy to steer. It also has a good amount of volume, so it’s safe if you want to bring a dog along, and there’s also room for storing extra gear.
Sit-On-Top Vs. Sit-Inside
Kayaks can be found in either sit-on-top or sit-inside models. As the names suggest, sit-on-top kayaks have an open frame that offers plenty of space and maneuverability within the kayak, so legroom or room for pets is less of an issue.
These kayaks are also easier to get in and out of. Sit-inside kayaks, on the other hand, are enclosed and are more aerodynamic. They may be a bit more difficult to get into or out of, but they make up for this with their speed and tracking ability.
Beginners often choose sit-on-top kayaks, but the right choice in a kayak depends largely on what you want to do on your excursions.